California Fast Facts

2015

Fast Facts is a quick reference guide to help you answer common questions about the state of California – our people, our jobs, our businesses and our quality of life. To further illustrate the impact that California has on our nation, the data points also include breakouts to show where California ranks as a percent of the United States.

Our collection of data points are grouped into categories that are displayed to the right for easy navigation.

In addition to this information you can find detailed employment information and economic indicators for the state, and for regions, counties, and legislative districts where data is available. Detailed explanations for each indicator are available through info icons next to each indicator name. Additional background about the Center for Jobs can be found in the About tab above. A complete Methodology and Sources for all the data provided is available here.

If you have ideas for improving our data tools, or questions/comments, please contact us.

Last Updated: Jun. 2015

PEOPLE Date California US CA as % of US
Population 2014 38,548,204 319,133,000 12.1%
Population Growth 2007 - 2014 5.5% 5.7% 11.7%
         
Hispanic or Latino, any race 2014 38.7% 17.2% 27.3%
White Alone, not Hispanic or Latino 2014 38.9% 62.9% 7.5%
Asian or Pacific Islander Alone 2014 13.5% 5.2% 32.3%
Black or African American Alone 2014 5.8% 12.4% 5.6%
Two or More Races 2014 2.6% 2.2% 15.3%
American Indian and Alaska Native Alone 2014 0.4% 0.7% 6.8%
         
Age 15 and under 2014 20.9% 20.8% 12.4%
Age 16 - 19 2014 5.6% 5.3% 12.4%
Age 20 - 24 2014 7.5% 7.1% 13.7%
Age 25-64 2014 53.0% 52.6% 12.2%
Age 65 and older 2014 12.9% 14.2% 10.7%
         
Age 25+, Less than 9th Grade 2014 8.7% 4.7% 21.7%
Age 25+, 9th to 12th Grade, no diploma 2014 7.2% 6.9% 12.4%
Age 25+, High School Graduate 2014 23.0% 29.7% 9.2%
Age 25+, Some College, no degree 2014 17.8% 16.8% 12.7%
Age 25+, Associate's Degree 2014 8.9% 9.9% 10.7%
Age 25+, Bachelor's Degree 2014 22.0% 20.2% 13.0%
Age 25+, Graduate or Professional Degree 2014 12.4% 11.8% 12.5%
  Total Age 25+       11.9%
         
Born in US or Puerto Rico 2014 74.7% 86.9% 10.5%
Foreign Born 2014 25.3% 13.1% 23.5%
         
With Health Insurance Coverage 2014 84.9% 86.6% 11.9%
With Private Health Insurance Coverage 2014 60.0% 64.2% 11.4%
No Health Insurance Coverage 2014 15.2% 13.4% 13.8%
OCCUPATIONS Civilian Employed, Age 16+ Date California US CA as % of US
         
Management 2014 5.9% 5.0% 13.2%
Service occupations 2012 19.0% 18.3% 12.2%
Business and Financial Operations 2014 5.7% 5.1% 12.6%
Computer and Mathematical 2014 3.4% 2.8% 13.4%
Architecture and Engineering 2014 2.1% 1.8% 13.3%
Life Physical and Social Science 2014 1.2% 0.8% 15.8%
Community and Social Service 2014 1.5% 1.4% 11.8%
Legal 2014 0.8% 0.8% 11.6%
Education Training and Library 2014 6.0% 6.2% 10.8%
Arts Design Entertainment Sports and Media 2014 1.9% 1.3% 16.2%
Healthcare Practitioners and Technical 2014 4.9% 5.8% 9.4%
Healthcare Support 2014 2.3% 2.9% 8.9%
Protective Service 2014 2.4% 2.4% 11.1%
Food Preparation and Serving 2014 9.4% 9.1% 11.5%
Building and Grounds Cleaning and Maintenance 2014 3.2% 3.2% 10.9%
Personal Care and Service 2014 2.8% 3.1% 10.1%
Sales and Related 2014 10.4% 10.5% 11.0%
Office and Administrative Support 2014 16.2% 16.0% 11.3%
Farming Fishing and Forestry 2014 1.4% 0.3% 47.1%
Construction and Extraction 2014 3.5% 3.9% 10.0%
Installation Maintenance and Repair 2014 3.2% 3.9% 9.1%
Production 2014 5.5% 6.6% 9.3%
Transportation and Material Moving 2014 6.4% 6.8% 10.5%
 Total Civilian Employed       11.2%
INCOME Date California US CA as % of US
         
Total GDP ($ trillions) 2013 $2.20 $16.77 13.1%
GDP Growth 2012 - 2013 3.6% 3.7%  
         
International GDP Rank 2013 8 1  
         
Per Capita Personal Income 2014 $50,109 $46,146 108.6%
         
Household Income Less than $25,000 2014 21.8% 24.0% 9.9%
Household Income $25,000 - $74,999 2014 39.4% 41.5% 10.3%
Household Income $75,000 - $99,999 2014 11.5% 12.0% 10.4%
Household Income $100,000 or more 2014 27.4% 22.5% 13.3%
Total Households       10.9%
         
Persons Below Poverty, Official Meausure 2013 16.8% 15.8% 13.0%
Persons Below Poverty, Supplemental Poverty Measure (ave) 2011-2013 23.4% 15.5% 18.0%
EMPLOYMENT
(all numbers seasonally adjusted)
Date California US CA as % of US
         
Civilian Labor Force, Age 16 and over Mar 2015 18,936,400 156,906,000 12.1%
Labor Force Growth 2014 - 2015 1.1% 0.5% n/a
Labor Force Participation Rate Mar 2015 62.3% 62.7%  
         
Total Employed Mar 2015 17,712,100 148,331,000 11.9%
Employment Growth 2007 - 2015 4.7% 1.4%  
Employment Growth 2014 - 2015 2.6% 1.7% 21.2%
         
Total Unemployed Mar 2015 1,224,300 8,575,000 14.3%
Unemployed Growth 2014 - 2015 -16.9% -17.4%  
         
Unemployment Rate Mar 2015 6.5% 5.5%  
Unemployment Rate Change (percentage points) 2014 - 2015 -1.4 -1.1  
         
Part Time Employed (12-month moving average)        
Total Part Time Mar 2015 20.3% 18.2%  
Part Time for Economic Reasons Mar 2015 6.8% 4.8%  
         
Average Annual Wage        
Total Q3 2014 $56,940 $49,348  115.4%
Private Q3 2014 $55,952 $48,880  114.5%
Government Q3 2014 $62,766 $52,436  119.7%
         
Union Membership        
Total 2014 16.3% 11.1% 16.9%
Public 2014 55.0% 35.7% 18.0%
Private 2014 9.2% 6.6% 15.9%
Construction 2014 16.3% 13.9% 13.3%
Manufacturing 2014 6.8% 9.7% 7.5%
BUSINESS Date California US CA as % of US
         
Number of Private Establishments Q1 2014 1,333,807 9,006,214 14.8%
Less than 5 Employees Q1 2014 70.91% 62.22% 16.9%
5 - 49 Employees Q1 2014 25.64% 33.42% 11.4%
50 - 249 Employees Q1 2014 3.06% 3.85% 11.8%
250 - 999 Employees Q1 2014 0.33% 0.46% 10.8%
1,000 and more Employees Q1 2014 0.05% 0.12% 6.2%
         
Private Employment by Establishment Size Q1 2014 13,165,064 112,464,054 11.6%
Less than 5 Employees Q1 2014 9.6% 7.4% 15.3%
5 - 49 Employees Q1 2014 36.2% 36.9% 11.5%
50 - 249 Employees Q1 2014 29.7% 29.8% 11.7%
250 - 999 Employees Q1 2014 14.3% 15.6% 10.7%
1,000 and more Employees Q1 2014 10.2% 10.4% 11.5%
25 Largest Businesses - 2014
(ranked in order of revenues)
  World-wide Employees Revenues ($ millions) Fortune 500 Rank
Chevron   62,000 $220.4 3
Apple   92,600 $207.0 5
McKesson   43,500 $122.5 15
Hewlett-Packard   317,500 $112.3 17
Wells Fargo   264,900 $88.1 29
Google   24,400 $60.6 46
Intel   107,600 $52.7 53
Cisco   75,000 $48.6 55
Walt Disney   175,000 $45.0 61
Safeway   138,000 $43.0 67
Ingram Micro   24,800 $42.6 69
Bechtel   53,000 $39.4 n/a
Oracle   122,000 $37.2 82
DirecTV   31,700 $31.8 98
Occidental Petroluem   12,900 $25.7 116
Qualcomm   31,000 $24.9 120
Amgen   20,000 $22.1 154
Kaiser Foundation Hospitals   175,700 $19.2 n/a
The Gap   137,000 $16.1 178
eBay   33,500 $16.0 180
PG&E Corp   21,200 $15.6 183
Edison International   50,000 $12.6 222
Platinum Equity   50,000 $12.0 n/a
Jacobs Engineering   49,400 $11.8 237
Visa   9,500 $11.8 238
10 Largest Public Employers - 2013      
Federal Government (inc. DoD & USPS)   414,400    
University of California   268,400    
State of California   235,200    
California State University   105,200    
Los Angeles County   101,300    
Los Angeles Unified School District   91,000    
Los Angeles City   56,400    
San Francisco City and County   35,800    
San Diego Unified School District   28,800    
California Superior Courts   20,400    
Employment by Industry (seasonlly adjusted) Time California US CA as % of US
         
Total Nonfarm 2014 15,645,100 139,042,000 11.3%
Total Private 2014 84.6% 84.3% 11.3%
Mining & Logging 2014 0.2% 0.6% 3.5%
Construction 2014 4.3% 4.4% 11.0%
Manufacturing 2014 8.1% 8.8% 10.4%
Wholesale Trade 2014 4.6% 4.2% 12.3%
Retail Trade 2014 10.4% 11.1% 10.6%
Transportation, Warehousing & Utilities 2014 3.0% 3.3% 10.0%
Utilities 2014 0.4% 0.4% 10.5%
Information 2014 2.9% 2.0% 16.7%
Financial & Insurance 2014 3.3% 4.3% 8.7%
Real Estate & Rental & Leasing 2014 1.7% 1.5% 13.0%
Professional & Technical Services 2014 7.6% 6.0% 14.2%
Management of Companies & Enterprises 2014 1.4% 1.6% 10.4%
Administration & Waste Services 2014 6.5% 6.2% 11.9%
Educational Services 2014 2.3% 2.5% 10.4%
Health Care 2014 8.8% 10.6% 9.3%
Social Assistance, less Individual & Family Services 2014 0.8% 1.0% 8.9%
Individual & Family Services 2014 3.6% 1.5% 28.0%
Arts, Entertainment & Recreastion 2014 1.8% 1.5% 13.2%
Accommodation & Food Services 2014 9.5% 9.1% 11.7%
Other Services 2014 3.5% 4.0% 9.7%
Government 2014 15.4% 15.7% 11.0%
         
Fastest Growing Industry (% growth): Individual & Family Services 2013 - 2014 8.4%    
Fastest Growing Industry (# jobs): Accommodation & Food Services 2013 - 2014 +70,700    
         
Slowest Growing Industry (% growth): Utilities 2013 - 2014 -1.4%    
Slowest Growing Industry (# jobs): Finance & Insurance 2013 - 2014 -5,700    
         
Job Gains (not seasonally adjusted) from:        
Expanding Establishments Q2 2013 751,635 5,359,000 14.0%
Opening Establishments Q2 2013 162,582 1,146,000 14.2%
         
Job Losses (not seasonally adjusted) from:        
Contracting Establishments Q2 2013 -617,970 -5,479,000 11.3%
Closing Establishments Q2 2013 -152,970 -1,036,000 14.8%
         
Farm Output ($ billions) 2013 $48.83 $469.99 10.4%
         
Trade        
Imports through California Ports ($ billions) 2014 $498.45 $2,345.19 21.3%
Exports through California Ports ($ billions) 2014 $204.86 $1,623.44 12.6%
         
Patents 2014 40,661 144,621 28.1%
         
Number of Fortune 500 Firms 2014 53 500 10.6%
         
Number of Fortune 100 Fastest Growing Firms 2013 10 100 10.0%
ENERGY Time California US CA as % of US
         
Crude Oil Production (YTD average barrels per day) 2014 557,000 8,690,000 6.4%
         
Natural Gas Production (YTD average million cubic feet per month) 2013 21,026 2,500,438 0.8%
         
Average Price per Gallon, Regular Gasoline Apr 2015 $3.210 $2.469 130.0%
Average Price per Gallon, Diesel Apr 2015 $3.098 $2.782 111.4%
         
Average Price (YTD average cents per kWh) Electricity        
Residential 2014 16.29 12.50 130.3%
Commercial 2014 15.67 10.75 145.8%
Industrial 2014 11.93 7.01 170.2%
         
Average Price (YTD average $ per tcf) Natural Gas        
Residential 2014 $11.53 $10.97 105.1%
Commercial 2014 $9.08 $8.90 102.0%
Industrial 2014 $7.73 $5.53 139.8%
QUALITY OF LIFE Time California US CA as % of US
         
Median Home Price Q1 2015 $533,425 $347,000 153.7%
         
Percent of Housing, Owner-Occupied 2013 54.2% 64.0%  84.7%
         
Crime Rate (number of crimes per 100,000 population)        
Violent Crimes 2012 425 387 109.8%
Property Crimes 2012 2,773 2,859 97.0%
GOVERNMENT Time California US CA as % of US
         
Total Expenditures        
State Government, All Funds ($ billions) FY 2015 $258.7 $3,758.6 6.9%
Local Governments, less State intergovernmental revenues ($ billions) FY 2012 $163.4 $1,123.6 14.5%
         
State Regulators per 100,000 Population FY 2015 159    
         
State Corporate Income Tax Rate 2015 8.84%    
S Corporation Tax Rate 2015 1.50%    
State Banks and Financials Tax Rate 2015 10.84%    
S Corporation Bank and Financial Rate 2015 3.50%    
         
Top State Personal Income Tax Rate 2015 13.3%    
AGI Threshhold (Married, filing jointly) for Top Permanent State Personal Income Tax Rate (9.3%) 2015 $99,548    
         
State GO Bond Ratings        
Fitch 2015 A+    
Moody 2015 Aa3    
Standard & Poor 2015 A+