The corporate income tax is one of the smallest sources of state tax revenue. According to Census data, in FY 2015, the corporate income tax only comprised 5.3 percent of state tax collections. As we outlined earlier this year, there are several reasons why the corporate income tax share is so low on average.
Some mistake the corporate income tax as the entirety of a business’s tax burden. However, businesses pay many types of taxes outside of the corporate income tax, including sales tax, property tax, excise tax, payroll tax, and more. The corporate income tax makes up only 9.5 percent of total business taxes.
Today’s map shows how much state governments collect in corporate income taxes per capita. New Hampshire collects the most at $433 per capita, with Delaware shortly behind at $424 per capita. Delaware also levies a gross receipts tax in addition to the corporate income tax. Alaska’s ranking of fifth highest in the country may surprise people, but it is mainly due to a large number of extractive companies and the relatively small population.
On the other end of the spectrum, there are six states that do not levy a corporate income tax at all: Nevada, Ohio, South Dakota, Texas, Washington, and Wyoming. Some still show a small amount of revenue collected from the corporate income tax due to taxes on special kinds of corporations, like financial institutions. Nevada, Ohio, Texas, and Washington do levy economically harmful gross receipts taxes in lieu of the traditional corporate income tax.