05/09/2021

Reports » Job Reports

February 2016

Highlights for policy makers:

Unemployment Rate Declines to 5.5%; Total Employment Grows 62,400

The Labor Force data for February 2016 (seasonally adjusted; California preliminary) is shown below, along with the change from the prior month:

Seasonally Adjusted California US
  Feb 2016 Change from Jan 2016 Feb 2016 Change from Jan 2016
Unemployment Rate 5.5 -0.2 4.9 0.0
Labor Force 19,045,100 0.1% 158,890,000 0.4%
Participation Rate n/a n/a 62.9 0.2
Employment 17,992,100 0.3% 151,074,000 0.4%
Unemployment 1,053,000 -3.3% 7,815,000 0.3%
Source: California Employment Development Department; US Bureau of Labor Statistics

The related not seasonally adjusted numbers (California preliminary), with the change from February 2015:

Not Seasonally Adjusted California US
  Feb 2016 Change from Feb 2015 Feb 2016 Change from Feb 2015
Unemployment Rate 5.7 -1.1 5.2 -0.6
Labor Force 19,039,100 0.7% 158,279,000 1.3%
Participation Rate n/a n/a 62.7 0.2
Employment 17,959,800 1.9% 150,060,000 2.0%
Unemployment 1,079,300 -16.4% 8,219,000 -9.6%
Source: California Employment Development Department; US Bureau of Labor Statistics

California Employment Development Department’s (EDD) latest release shows on a seasonally adjusted basis, total employment grew by 62,400 from January, while the number of unemployed dropped by 36,300.  California’s seasonally adjusted unemployment rate declined from 5.7% in January to 5.5% in February.  The unadjusted rate decreased from 6.8% in February 2015 to 5.7% in February 2016.

Total US employment saw a seasonally adjusted increase of 530,000, while the number of unemployed increased by 24,000.  California provided 11.8% of the total national employment increase.

California’s seasonally adjusted unemployment rate was 9.6% higher than the national rate.   

Looking at the unadjusted numbers, California’s labor force increased 0.7% for the year, while nationally, the labor force expanded at nearly double the rate at 1.3%.

Nonfarm Jobs Increase by 39,900

EDD reported that between January and February 2016, seasonally adjusted nonfarm payroll jobs increased by 39,900. January’s losses were revised downwards slightly to a loss of 4,000 from the previously reported loss of 1,500.

Looking at the not seasonally adjusted numbers, the biggest changes in total payroll jobs from January 2016 were in Construction (12,300; $60.4k average annual salary), Accommodation & Food Services (10,000; $21.2k), Health Care & Social Assistance (8,600; $47.3k), and Arts, Entertainment & Recreation (8,300, $54.5k). Biggest declines were in Transportation, Warehousing & Utilities (-4,700; $58.2k), Professional, Scientific & Technical Services (-4,300; $109.1k), and Retail Trade (-2,000; $33.8k). All salary numbers are the latest 4-quarter average from Quarterly Census of Employment & Wages.

Not Seasonally Adjusted Payroll Jobs Jan 2016 Feb 2016 Change Feb 2016 – Jan 2016 Change Feb 2016 – Feb 2015
Total Farm 356,900 363,700 6,800 1,500
Mining & Logging 26,000 25,700 -300 -3,300
Construction 727,800 740,000 12,200 52,400
Manufacturing 1,272,400 1,274,400 2,000 -2,700
Wholesale Trade 726,900 728,400 1,500 16,900
Retail Trade 1,684,100 1,656,000 -28,100 27,700
Transportation, Warehousing & Utilities 562,100 555,400 -6,700 21,100
Information 482,700 497,700 15,000 22,100
Finance & Insurance 526,700 526,100 -600 4,700
Real Estate & Rental & Leasing 269,800 271,300 1,500 6,200
Professional, Scientific & Technical Services 1,224,300 1,233,700 9,400 42,100
Management of Companies & Enterprises 231,400 232,100 700 3,900
Administrative & Support & Waste Services 1,045,600 1,047,100 1,500 26,000
Educational Services 348,800 370,800 22,000 16,300
Health Care & Social Assistance 2,144,800 2,157,100 12,300 84,800
   Individual & Family Services 584,600 588,600 4,000 29,800
Arts, Entertainment, & Recreation 280,400 291,400 11,000 18,300
Accommodation & Food Service 1,541,100 1,559,000 17,900 61,600
Other Services 539,900 548,500 8,600 11,700
Government 2,483,300 2,504,700 21,400 38,700
Total Nonfarm 16,118,100 16,219,400 101,300 448,500
Total Wage & Salary 16,475,000 16,583,100 108,100 450,000
Source: California Employment Development Department

Two-Tier Economy Persists

13 counties are in double-digit unemployment, while 14 are 5% or less. 

Unemployment rates (all data is not seasonally adjusted) continue to vary widely across the state, ranging from 3.9% in the Bay Area to more than double at 10.5% in the Central Valley.

By Legislative District:

Lowest 10 Unemployment Rates
SD 13 (Hill – D) 2.9 AD 16 (Baker – R) 2.8
SD 11 (Leno – D) 3.3 AD 22 (Mullin – D) 2.8
SD 37 (Moorlach – R) 3.4 AD 24 (Gordon – D) 3.0
SD 39 (Block – D) 3.7 AD 28 (Low – D) 3.1
SD 36 (Bates – R) 3.8 AD 17 (Chiu – D) 3.3
SD 15 (Beall – D) 4.0 AD 19 (Ting – D) 3.3
SD 07 (Glazer – D) 4.0 AD 74 (Harper – R) 3.3
SD 26 (Allen – D) 4.1 AD 77 (Maienschein – R) 3.4
SD 10 (Wieckowski – D) 4.1 AD 73 (Brough – R) 3.4
SD 29 (Huff – R) 4.4 AD 68 (Wagner – R) 3.5
Highest 10 Unemployment Rates
SD 33 (Lara – D) 6.4 AD 34 (Grove – R) 8.9
SD 35 (Hall – D) 6.6 AD 03 (Gallagher – R) 9.0
SD 17 (Monning – D) 6.7 AD 30 (Alejo – D) 9.2
SD 04 (Nielsen – R) 7.3 AD 23 (Patterson – R) 9.3
SD 05 (Galgiani – D) 8.6 AD 13 (Eggman – D) 9.4
SD 40 (Hueso – D) 8.7 AD 56 (Garcia – D) 11.3
SD 08 (Berryhill – R) 8.8 AD 26 (Mathis – R) 11.8
SD 16 (Fuller – R) 9.3 AD 31 (Vacant – D) 11.9
SD 12 (Cannella – R) 11.2 AD 21 (Gray – D) 12.1
SD 14 (Vidak – R) 13.4 AD 32 (Salas – D) 13.2

Note: All data sources, methodologies, and historical data series available at CenterforJobs.org.