07/25/2024

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California Trade Report for February 2024

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Below are highlights from the recently released trade data from the US Census Bureau and US Bureau of Economic Analysis. To view additional data and analysis related to the California economy visit our website at www.centerforjobs.org/ca.

The Baltimore bridge collapse is the latest event adding to global trade disruptions, coming on the heels of continued challenges to shipping through the Panama and Suez Canals, uncertainty in the global economic outlook, and the shift of extended contract negotiations to the Eastern ports.  No date has yet been set on when channel clearing will allow the affected Baltimore terminals to reopen, but so far other East Coast ports appear to be able to handle the diverted cargo shipments due to the capacity expansions—both terminals and associated warehouse and intermodal links—they have completed in recent years to compete directly with West Coast ports.  The economic effects will still be heavily borne by Baltimore and its port and related trade sector workers.

Conversely, the initial reads suggest China’s economy may have bottomed out and may be poised for expansion in the rest of the year, and the other factors appear to be supporting a gradual climb in overall market share handled by the state’s ports.  On a 12-month moving average basis, the state’s share of total US goods trade (by value) has risen for six months since the series low hit last August.  While this shift may reflect a “no where to go but up” situation after the series of events and factors causing the market share losses, it is a welcome trend supporting the state’s only center of blue-collar, middle-class wage jobs growth.  This upside trend, however, remains under challenge by the portion of the world’s container ship fleet capable of serving the state’s ports due to current and looming state and local rules. 

Measured in constant dollars, exports through California ports remain somewhat depressed, but still some improvement over the prior two years.

Imports instead have been somewhat stronger due to the factors above, but the February numbers are affected by both changes in shipping due to the Lunar New Year holiday period (February 10 to 17 in China in 2024) and the additional day this year in February.

Share of Goods through US Ports

15.7%
CA Share of Total Trade
Through US Ports

The share of total US goods trade (exports and imports by value) through California ports edged up to 15.68% (12 month moving average; compared to 15.61% in January 2024 and 15.72% in February 2023).

California remained the #2 state, behind Texas with 20.08% (compared to 20.04% in January 2024 and 19.93% in February 2023). Trade through the Atlantic port states was at 29.96% (compared to 30.01% in January 2024 and 29.75% in February 2023). The state’s continued position in this area forms the trade-related base for one of California’s largest centers of middle-class, blue-collar jobs. Transportation & Warehousing alone provided 756,700 wage and salary jobs in February, down from 766,200 the year prior.

California Goods Exports

$0.4
Billion Change in Exports

Total California goods exports were up $0.4 billion from February 2023 (up 2.6%). California remained in 2nd place with 8.8% of all US goods exports (12 month moving total), behind Texas at 22.12%.

California Goods Imports

$2.6
Billion Change in Imports

Total California destination goods imports rose $2.6 billion from February 2023 (up 8.1%).

 

Top 20 Exports, February 2024

Top 20 exports by value are shown below, along with the change from Feb 2023.

NAICS Commodity Feb 2024 Exports ($b.) Change from Feb 2023
Computer Equipment $1.1 62.9%
Fruits & Tree Nuts 0.9 20.4%
Navigational/measuring/medical/control Instrument 0.8 2.0%
Semiconductors & Other Electronic Components 0.7 -6.4%
Aerospace Products & Parts 0.6 -9.7%
Communications Equipment 0.6 3.7%
Pharmaceuticals & Medicines 0.6 -17.2%
Miscellaneous Manufactured Commodities 0.5 -13.2%
Medical Equipment & Supplies 0.5 10.5%
Electrical Equipment & Components, Nesoi 0.5 9.9%
Industrial Machinery 0.4 -2.0%
Petroleum & Coal Products 0.4 -17.9%
Commercial & Service Industry Machinery 0.3 42.7%
Waste & Scrap 0.3 -15.3%
Other General Purpose Machinery 0.3 2.5%
Used Or Second-hand Merchandise 0.3 10.5%
Other Fabricated Metal Products 0.2 12.0%
Foods, Nesoi 0.2 13.9%
Plastics Products 0.2 -4.8%
Motor Vehicles 0.2 -24.4%

Top 10 Export Markets, February 2024

Country Feb 2024 Exports ($b.) Change from Feb 2023
Mexico $2.6 4.6%
Canada 1.6 2.3%
China 1.2 -7.9%
Japan 0.8 -7.6%
Korea, South 0.7 -6.6%
Taiwan 0.6 5.3%
Netherlands 0.6 16.4%
Germany 0.5 -1.7%
Hong Kong 0.5 5.1%
Singapore 0.4 0.1%