04/18/2021

Reports » Trade Reports

California Trade Report for November 2020

Below are highlights from the recently released trade data from the US Census Bureau and US Bureau of Economic Analysis.

California origin exports—including both products produced in the state and products aggregated by exporting firms—remained below the 2019 levels. Origin imports—both products used in the state and aggregated by state-based importers for subsequent distribution to other states—remained well above the 2019 numbers.

Goods activity through the state’s ports also remained high. Goods exports through the ports were only off 4%, while goods coming in through the ports were up 8%.

The state also has maintained its share of the China trade in spite of economic challenges coming from the Panama Canal widening and shifts in traffic patterns to the Gulf and Atlantic ports. Comparing total movement through the state’s ports January through November in 2019 and 2020, California ports had a 30.8% share of goods export traffic to China (China, Hong Kong, and Macau) in 2019, and 30.0% in for the period in 2020. For the far larger import traffic, California ports had a 43.2% share in 2019, and 42.9% in 2020. California’s geographic advantages continue to maintain the base for these important higher-wage blue collar jobs. These advantages, however, also continue to be under threat from rising costs due to traffic congestion in Southern California even as state transportation and cap-and-trade funding prioritizes projects such public transit that saw plunging ridership even prior to the current crisis and High Speed Rail that has few tangible promises for either traffic or climate change emissions benefits. The growing body of state regulations also continue to impose substantial new compliance costs even during an unprecedented economic crisis that sees other states trying to restore and expand jobs rather than adding to the barriers to recovery.

Share of Goods through US Ports

17.9%
CA Share of Total Trade
Through US Ports

The share of total US goods trade (exports and imports) through California ports edged up to 17.94% (12 month moving average; compared to 17.88% in Oct 2020 and 17.67% in Nov 2019).

California remained the #1 state, ahead of Texas with 17.01% (compared to 17.12% in Oct 2020 and 17.77% in Nov 2019). Trade through the Atlantic port states was at 30.65% (compared to 30.62% in Oct 2020 and 29.85% in Nov 2019). The state’s continued lead in this area forms the trade-related base for one of California’s largest centers of middle-class, blue-collar jobs. Transportation & Warehousing alone provided 669,400 jobs in Nov (down from 675,300 in Nov 2019), paying an average annual salary of $61.6k. This employment base in turn supports additional blue-collar and white-collar jobs in a range of other industries.

California Goods Exports Decrease

-$0.5b
Billion in Exports

Total California goods exports were down $0.5 billion from Nov 2019 (down 3.6%). California remained in 2nd place with 10.88% of all US goods exports (12 month moving total), behind Texas at 19.67%.

California's Balance for Goods Trade

-$22.8b
Billion of Goods Trade

California’s balance of goods trade activity through state businesses broadened to -$22.8 billion, compared to a level of -$19.2 billion in Nov 2019. California trade accounted for 27% of the US trade deficit in goods in Nov 2020.

Top 20 Exports, November 2020

Top 20 exports by value are shown below, along with the change from November 2019.

By shipping weight (vessel and air total), the leading export was Waste & Scrap at 0.9 billion kg (30% of total exports), followed by Petroleum & Coal Products at 0.7 billion kg (22%), and Fruits & Tree Nuts at 0.3 billion kg (9%).

Commodity Nov 2020 Exports ($b.) Change from Nov 2019
Fruits & Tree Nuts $1.2 -12.0%
Semiconductors & Other Electronic Components 1.0 7.1%
Motor Vehicles 0.9 -20.7%
Navigational/measuring/medical/control Instrument 0.8 -7.8%
Pharmaceuticals & Medicines 0.7 17.0%
Computer Equipment 0.7 -4.2%
Industrial Machinery 0.6 22.8%
Miscellaneous Manufactured Commodities 0.6 -12.6%
Communications Equipment 0.6 -0.7%
Aerospace Products & Parts 0.5 -24.8%
Medical Equipment & Supplies 0.5 -3.2%
Waste & Scrap 0.4 27.4%
Used or Second-hand Merchandise 0.4 44.2%
Electrical Equipment & Components, Nesoi 0.3 -19.1%
Basic Chemicals 0.3 30.7%
Other General Purpose Machinery 0.2 -5.5%
Motor Vehicle Parts 0.2 13.7%
Foods, Nesoi 0.2 2.0%
Motor Vehicle Bodies & Trailers 0.2 1.3%
Plastics Products 0.2 4.1%

Top 10 Export Markets, November 2020

Country Nov 2020 Exports ($b) Change from Nov 2019
Mexico $2.1 -0.2%
China 1.6 -2.5%
Canada 1.5 3.9%
Japan 0.8 -10.7%
United Kingdom 0.7 83.1%
Korea, South 0.7 -9.0%
Netherlands 0.7 -8.6%
Taiwan 0.6 -10.1%
Hong Kong 0.6 -15.5%
Belgium 0.6 -15.3%